The objectives of the “Urban and peri-urban governance” IALE working group is to work with environmental governance issues related to urban and peri-urban contexts.
Recently, the “environmental governance” term is growing in importance, becoming another key word in environmental sciences and becoming as important as the “sustainability” concept. Researchers and planners, which use this term, assign different meanings to it. Our understanding of this term shifts from “the act or process of governing” (Longman dictionary of English) into wider understanding. Many of actions implemented in the frame of environmental governance are based on participatory processes, including stakeholders, citizens, scientists and of course planners. The notion of environmental governance includes very practical processes. Environmental governance is implemented through formal actions, framed by local legislations, together with many more flexible bottom-up initiatives implemented by local citizens. Scientists also play a large role, who by working on practical case studies are able to implement their knowledge and experience into practice. In the frame of environmental governance different types of instruments are being implemented, like legal and regulatory instruments, rights-based instruments and customary norms, economic and financial instruments, social and cultural instruments.
The vulnerability of urban and peri-urban areas, the dynamic processes of urbanization and sub-urbanization, increasing urban populations, and other processes ask for ecological wisdom in environmental governance. Recent research indicates that peri-urbanization processes are very dynamic and extend our understanding of the “urban periphery”. The peri-urban is therefore a new emerging general type of landscape. Beyond urban and rural landscapes, the peri-urban landscapes are a new type of anthropogenic landscape.
Urban systems become cross-boundary phenomenon, which challenges even more the environmental governance in such contexts. Thus environmental governance in such contexts needs to be understood as a highly participatory process with a broader range of actors compared to more classic urban planning processes. It relates to concepts such as metropolitan areas, megacities and conurbations, which characterize the ecological and socio-economic interactions of a city with its environment. More recently the concepts of functional urban areas, introduced by OECD, to compound urban and peri-urban areas. This addresses urban, regional and (cross-) national development goals such as air pollution reduction, integrated watershed-management, transport-management, economy and employment, the provision and accessibility to ecosystem services.
In year 2018 and 2019 our working group has implemented the following activities:
Several research project proposals submitted for e.g. for INTERREG Central Europe (“Reducing urban sprawl in functional urban areas through multilevel governance”), INTERREG Europe (“Improving regional policies to better protect natural heritage of peri-urban open spaces”), and on-going proposal for Horizon 2020 (SC5-13-2018-2019: Strengthening international cooperation on sustainable urbanisation: nature-based solutions for restoration and rehabilitation of urban ecosystems).
Coordinator / contact person
Dr. Marcin Spyra, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany and Opole University of Technology, Poland, email@example.com
Responsible parties and their emails (in alphabetic order)
M.Sc. Tereza Aubrechtova, University of Ostrava, Czech Republic, Tereza.Aubrechtova(at)osu.cz
Dr. Aliyu Barau, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria, asbarau.urp(at)buk.edu.ng
Dr. Jan Bondaruk, Central Mining Institute, Poland, jbondaruk(at)gig.eu
M.Sc. Nuket Ipek Cetin, Gebze Technical University, Turkey, cetinnipek(at)gmail.com
Dr. Peilei Fan, Michigan State University, USA, fanpeile(at)msu.edu
Prof. Dr. habil. Christine Fürst, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany, christine.fuerst(at)geo.uni-halle.de
Dr. Simona Gradinaru, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Switzerland, simona.gradinaru(at)wsl.ch
Prof. Dr. habil. Malgorzata Grodzinska-Jurczak, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland, m.grodzinska-jurczak(at)uj.edu.pl
Dr. Luis Inostroza, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Chile, Luis.Inostroza(at)ruhr-uni-bochum.de
Dr. Daniele La Rosa, University of Catania, Italy, dlarosa(at)darc.unict.it
Prof. Anita Morzillo, University of Connecticut, USA, anita.morzillo(at)uconn.edu
Prof. Dr. habil. Irena Niedzwiedzka-Filipiak, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland, irena.niedzwiecka-filipiak(at)upwr.edu.pl
Dr. Justyna Rubaszek, Institute of Landscape Architecture, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, jrubaszek(at)gmail.com
Prof. dr. Wei-Ning Xiang, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA, and Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 China, wxiang(at)uncc.edu
Prof. Dr. Jianguo (Jingle) Wu, Arizona State University, USA, Jingle.Wu(at)asu.edu
Dr. Ingo Zasada, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Müncheberg, Germany, ingo.zasada(at)zalf.de
Dr. Natalya Yakusheva, University of Helsinki, Finland, natalya.yakusheva(at)helsinki.fi
Prof. Dr. Weiqi Zhou, Research Center For Eco-Environmental Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences, wzhou(at)rcees.ac.cn